The Social Issue

ReŸcidŸiŸvism – Recidivism is the act of a person repeating an undesirable behaviour after he/she has either experienced negative consequences of that behaviour, or has been treated or trained to extinguish that behaviour.

Statistics

  • Picture5In 2008, 1 in 100 American adults was behind bars
  • Between 1973 – 2009, the nations prison population grew by 705%. This growth came at a substantial cost, with annual state and correctional spending on corrections exploding by 305% during the past two decades

Among state prisoners released in 30 states in 2005 —

  • About two-thirds (67.8%) of released prisoners were arrested for a new crime within 3 years, and three-quarters (76.6%) were arrested within 5 years.
  • Within 5 years of release, 82.1% of property offenders were arrested for a new crime, compared to 76.9% of drug offenders, 73.6% of public order offenders, and 71.3% of violent offenders.
  • More than a third (36.8%) of all prisoners who were arrested within 5 years of release were arrested within the first 6 months after release, with more than half (56.7%) arrested by the end of the first year.
  • Two in five (42.3%) released prisoners were either not arrested or arrested once in the 5 years after their release.
  • A sixth (16.1%) of released prisoners were responsible for almost half (48.4%) of the nearly 1.2 million arrests that occurred in the 5-year follow-up period.

Furthermore The National Institute of Justice (2013) explains that the national inmate population stands at 2.4 million and African-Americans and Hispanics make up two-thirds of that total. This is significant since African-Americans only consist of 12% of the population and the Hispanics population around 16.7%. The National Institute of Justice goes on to point out that the United States has the highest number of people incarcerated than any other democratic nation in the world. Among African American juvenile arrests, the re-incarceration rate averages about three times higher than that of Whites.

Halfway wants to bring to light that there is a serious systematic failure within the American prison system, where a lack of opportunity for those who have transgressed in their past seems to guarantee a future behind bars. The movie will seek to explore the harsh realities about decisions that need to be made when someone is given a second chance, in a new and unfamiliar surrounding.